My fiancée and I were shopping for flowers to plant on our property when I noticed these medallions on several of the roses. One wonders how enormous the transaction costs would be to prevent vegetative-reproduction of roses if the patent holders didn’t externalize them to society at large, via the theft and violence of the state. This little medallion is a threat that, should its warning not be heeded, the full force of the state (funded itself by forcibly appropriated goods) will be turned against the errant gardener—all to prevent the duplication of a non-scarce resource.